HTML stands for Hyper Text Markup Language. HTML is the markup language for creating web pages or websites that we can see in web browsers.
HTML web page contains set of paired markup tags with plain text. Here, set of paired markup tags means opening and closing HTML tags like opening <html> tag have its closing </html> tag, opening <body> tag have its closing </body> tag etc are known as container tags.
You can see the complete HTML Elements List here. Some HTML tags does not have its closing tags like <br />, <hr /> are known as empty tags.
Note: HTML has its own structure with extension .html that must follow.
Basic HTML Structure
- Here, <!DOCTYPE> represents a document type that tells web browsers about which version of HTML is used for web page. Here, we are using HTML5
- The text between opening <html> tag and closing </html> tag describes a web page
- The text between opening <body> tag and closing </body> tag is a visible content for a web page
You do not need any special tools to start with HTML/HTML5. You only need Text editors like Notepad, Edit++ or any HTML supported editors.